Cocciopesto are a mortar mostly made from lime and broken fired ceramics and ceramic (Lancaster 2009 ; Hobbs and Siddall 2011 ; Ringbom ainsi, al. 2014 ). You’ll find pre?Roman cocciopesto grounds in Sicily, therefore the technique may originated from Greece or North Africa (Harden 1962 ). The modern term cocciopesto hails from Renaissance Italy, and the Romans also known as they opus signinum (Hobbs and Siddall 2011 ). Vitruvius explains one recipe with pounded floor mixed with lime, from inside the proportions three to one (Vitruvius and Morgan 1914c ). In another dish he advises blending river or sea?sand, lime and burned stone screwed up and sifted for the dimension two to one to just one (Vitruvius and Morgan 1914a ).
Cocciopesto is actually hydraulic, water resistant and has now higher compressive power than lime mortar (Pavia and Bolton 2000 ; Ringbom ainsi, al. 2014 ; Mota?Lopez et al. 2018 ). Smaller residential architecture hardly ever utilized volcanic pozzolana mortar but made use of cocciopesto alternatively.
European countries keeps widespread use of artificial pozzolanas, instance cocciopesto, a result of lack of local resources of organic pozzolana (Pavia and Bolton 2000 ).